Medicine and its branches

Medicine – applied science or practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Some of its branches are:

  • Anesthesiology – branch of medicine that deals with life support and anesthesia during surgery.
  • Cardiology – branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the heart and the blood vessels.
  • Critical Care Medicine – focuses on life support and the intensive care of the seriously ill.
  • Dermatology – branch of medicine that deals with the skin, its structure, functions and diseases.
  • Emergency medicine – focuses on care provided in the emergency department.
  • Endocrinology – branch of medicine that deals with disorders of the endocrine system.
  • Gastroenterology – branch of medicine that deals with the study and care of the digestive system.
  • General Practice (often called Family Medicine) is a branch of medicine that specializes in primary care.
  • Geriatrics – branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of the elderly.
  • Gynecology – branch of medicine that deals with the health of the female reproductive systems and the breasts.
  • Hematology – branch of medicine that deals with the blood and the circulatory system.
  • Hepatology – branch of medicine that deals with the liver, gallbladder and the biliary system.
  • Infectious disease – branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and management of infectious disease, especially for complex cases and immunocompromised patients.
  • Neurology – branch of medicine that deals with the brain and the nervous system.
  • Nephrology – branch of medicine which deals with the kidneys.
  • Oncology – is the branch of medicine that studies of cancer.
  • Ophthalmology – branch of medicine that deals with the eyes.
  • Otolaryngology – branch of medicine that deals the ears, nose and throat.
  • Pathology – study of diseases, and the causes, processes, nature, and development of disease
  • Pediatrics – branch of medicine that deals with the general health and well-being of children.
  • Pharmacology – study and practical application of preparation, use, and effects of drugs and synthetic medicines
  • Pulmonology – branch of medicine that deals with the respiratory system.
  • Psychiatry – branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders.
  • Radiology – branch of medicine that employs medical imaging to diagnose and treat disease.
  • Rheumatology – branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases.
  • Splanchnology – branch of medicine that deals with visceral organs.
  • Surgery – branch of medicine that uses operative techniques to investigate or treat both disease and injury, or to help improve bodily function or appearance.
  • Urology – branch of medicine that deals with the urinary system and the male reproductive system.
  • Numerous other interdisciplinary fields.
  • Veterinary medicine – branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in nonhuman animals.

Conventional Western Disciplines

  • Addiction Medicine
  • Allergic Disease
  • Anatomy
  • Anesthesiology
  • Angiology
  • Audiology
  • Cardiology
  • Cardiovascular surgery
  • Clinical laboratory sciences
  • Dentistry
  • Dermatology
  • Emergency medicine
  • Endocrinology
  • Family medicine
  • Forensic medicine
  • Genetic Counseling
  • Gastroenterology
  • Geriatrics
  • Gynecology
  • Hematology
  • Hepatology
  • Histology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Disease, including Virology
  • Intensive care medicine
  • Kinesiology, including Exercise Physiology
  • Medical genetics
  • Medical Physics
  • Medical Technology
  • Medicine
  • Midwifery
  • Nephrology
  • Neuroscience
  • Neurology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Nursing
  • Nutrition, including Dietetics
  • Obstetrics
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Oncology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry
  • Oral and Maxillofacial surgery
  • Orthopedics
  • Orthopedic surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Palliative care
  • Pathology
  • Pediatrics
  • Pediatric surgery
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacy
  • Physical medicine and rehabilitation or Physiatry
  • Physical Therapy (Physiotherapy)
  • Physiology
  • Plastic surgery
  • Podiatry
  • Population health & Public Health, including Epidemiology
  • Proctology
  • Psychotherapy, including Cognitive Therapy
  • Psychiatry
  • Pulmonology
  • Radiation therapy
  • Radiology
  • Rheumatology
  • Sleep Medicine
  • Speech-Language Pathology
  • Social Work
  • Stomatology
  • Surgery
  • Surgical oncology
  • Thoracic surgery
  • Translational medicine
  • Transplant surgery
  • Urology
  • Vascular surgery
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Virology